transplant-facts

CKD can range from a mild condition with no or few symptoms, to a very serious condition where the kidneys stop working (kidney failure).

Most people with CKD will be able to control their condition with medication and regular check-ups. CKD only progresses to kidney failure in around 1 in 50 people with the condition.

Signs & Symptoms of Stage 1 CKD

  • Higher than normal levels of creatinine or urea in the blood
  • Blood or protein in the urine
  • Evidence of kidney damage through a MRI, CT scan, ultrasound or x-ray
  • A family history of kidney disease, such as Polycystic kidney disease

Signs & Symptoms of Stage 2 CKD

  • Higher than normal levels of creatinine or urea in the blood
  • Blood or protein in the urine
  • Evidence of kidney damage through a MRI, CT scan, ultrasound or x-ray
  • A family history of kidney disease, such as polycystic kidney disease

Signs & Symptoms of Stage 3 CKD

  • Fatigue
  • Oedema (fluid retention)
  • Muscle cramps or restless legs
  • Urine changes, colour change due to the presence of blood
  • Loss of appetite
  • Skin changes; itching sensation, dry and flaking skin
  • Diarrhoea or constipation
  • Back pain

Signs & Symptoms of Stage 4 CKD

  • Fatigue
  • Sleep problems, restless legs, muscle cramps
  • Oedema (fluid retention)
  • Kidney pain felt in the back
  • Urine changes, colour change due to the presence of blood
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhoea or constipation
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Changes in taste, metallic taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Skin changes; itching sensation, dry and flaking skin
  • Nerve problems, numbness in extremities

Signs & Symptoms of Stage 5 CKD

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Being tired
  • Being unable to concentrate
  • Itching
  • Making little or no urine
  • Swelling, especially around the eyes and ankles
  • Muscle cramps
  • Tingling in hands or feet
  • Changes in skin color
  • Increased skin pigmentation